Article 25

Privacy Died Long Ago

In Uncategorized on 06/03/2013 at 9:12 pm

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U.S. Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart of Cincinnati swears in George H. W. Bush as director of the CIA as President Gerald Ford watches. REUTERS/George Bush Presidential Library and Museum.

The great forgotten Cincinnati wiretap scandal

By Gregory Flannery

Americans no longer assume their communications are free from government spying. Many believe widespread monitoring is a recent change, a response to terrorism.  They are wrong. Fair warning came in 1988 in Cincinnati, Ohio, when evidence showed that wiretapping was already both common and easy.

Twenty-five years ago state and federal courtrooms in Cincinnati were abuzz with allegations of illegal wiretaps on federal judges, members of Cincinnati City Council, local congressional representatives, political dissidents and business leaders.

Two federal judges in Cincinnati told 60 Minutes they believed there was strong evidence that they had been wiretapped. Retired Cincinnati Police officers, including a former chief, admitted to illegal wiretapping.

Even some of the most outrageous claims – for example, that the president of the United States was wiretapped while staying in a Cincinnati hotel – were supported by independent witnesses.

National media coverage of the lawsuits, grand jury hearings and investigations by city council and the FBI attracted the attention of U.S. Sen. Patrick Leahy (D-Vermont) and the late U.S. Sen. Paul Simon (D-Ill.).

As Americans wonder about the extent to which their e-mails, cell-phones and text messages are being monitored, they would do well to look back at a time before any of those existed. Judging by what was revealed in Cincinnati, privacy died long before anyone had ever heard of Osama bin Laden or al Q’aeda.

Turbulence

In 1988 Leonard Gates, a former installer for Cincinnati Bell, told the Mount Washington Press, a small independent weekly, that he had performed illegal wiretaps for the Cincinnati Police Department, the FBI and the phone company itself.

A week after the paper published his allegations, a federal grand jury began hearing testimony.

Gates claimed to have performed an estimated 1,200 wiretaps, which he believed illegal. His list of targets included former Mayor Jerry Springer, the late tycoon Carl Lindner Jr., U.S. District Judge Carl Rubin, U.S. Magistrate J. Vincent Aug, the late U.S. Sen. Howard Metzenbaum (D-Ohio), the Students for a Democratic Society (an anti-war group during the Vietnam War), then-U.S. Rep. Tom Luken (D-Cincinnati) and then-President Gerald Ford.

A second former Cincinnati Bell installer, Robert Draise, joined Gates, saying he, too had performed illegal wiretaps for the police. His alleged targets included the Black Muslim mosque in Finneytown and the General Electric plant in Evendale. Draise’s portfolio was much smaller than Gates’s, an estimated 100 taps, because he was caught freelancing – performing an illegal wiretap for a friend.

Charged by the FBI, Draise claimed he had gone to his “controller” at Cincinnati Bell, the person who directed his wiretaps, and asked for help. If he didn’t get it, he said, he’d tell all. When the case went to federal court, Draise didn’t bother to hire an attorney. He didn’t need one. In a plea deal, federal prosecutors dropped the charge to a misdemeanor. Found guilty of illegal wiretapping, his sentence was a $200 fine. The judge? Magistrate J. Vincent Aug.

If Gates and Draise had been the only people to come forward, they could easily be dismissed as cranks – disgruntled former employees, as Cincinnati Bell claimed. But some police office officers named by Gates and Draise confirmed parts of their allegations, insisting, however, that there were only 12 illegal wiretaps. Other officers not known to Gates and Draise also admitted to illegal wiretaps. Some of the officers received immunity from prosecution in exchange for their testimony. Others invoked their Fifth Amendment right not to incriminate themselves.

“Due to the turbulent nature of the late ’60s and early ’70s, wiretaps were conducted to gather information,” said a press release signed by six retired officers. “This use began in approximately 1968 and ended completely during the Watergate investigation.”

The press release, whose signers included former Police Chief Myron Leistler, listed 12 wiretaps, among them “a black militant in the Bond Hill area” and a house on either Ravine or Strait streets rented by “the SDS or some other radical group.”

The retired cops’ lawyer said there were actually three Cincinnati Bell installers doing illegal wiretaps, but declined to identify the third.

The retired officers denied knowledge of “any wiretaps involving judges, local politicians, prominent citizens and fellow law enforcement officers or city employees.”

Getting rid of Aug

Others had that knowledge, however.

Howard Lucas, former security chief at the Stouffer Hotel downtown, said he caught Gates and three cops trying to break into a telephone switching room shortly before President Gerald Ford stayed at the hotel.

“I said, ‘Do you have a court order?’ and they all laughed,” Lucas told the Mount Washington Press.

The four men left. But they returned.

“A couple days later, in the back of the room, I found a setup, a reel-to-reel recorder concealed under some boxes,” Lucas said.

Ford stayed at the Stouffer Hotel in July 1975 and June 1976 – two years after the Watergate scandal, when Cincinnati Police officers claimed the bugging ended.

Then there was the matter of a former guard at the U.S. Courthouse downtown. He said he had found wiretap equipment there in 1986 and 1987, just a year before the wiretap scandal broke.

“I heard conversations you wouldn’t believe,” he said. “I heard a conversation one time. they were talking about getting rid of U.S. Magistrate Aug.”

The wiretapping started with drug dealers and expanded to political and business figures, according to Gates. In 1979, he testified, he was ordered to wiretap the Hamilton County Regional Computer Center, which handled vote tabulations. His handler at the phone company allegedly told Gates the wiretap was intended to manipulate election results.

“They had the ability to actually alter what was being done with the votes. … He was very upset through some of the elections with a gentleman named Blackwell,” Gates testified.

J. Kenneth Blackwell is a former member of Cincinnati Council, and 1979 was an election year for council.

Something went wrong on Election Night, Gates testified. His handler at the phone company called him.

“He was panicking,” Gates testified. “He said we had done something to screw up the voting processor down there, or the voting computer.”

News reports at the time noted an unexpected delay in counting votes for city council because of a computer malfunction.

Cincinnati Bell denied any involvement in illegal wiretapping by police or its own personnel. Yet police officers, like Gates, testified the police received equipment – even a truck – and information necessary to effectuate the wiretaps. The owners of a greenhouse in Westwood even came forward, saying the police stored the Cincinnati Bell truck on their property.

‘Say it louder’

Gates claimed that his handler at Cincinnati Bell repeatedly told him the wiretaps were at the behest of the FBI. He named an FBI agent who, he said, let him into the federal courthouse to wiretap federal judges.

Investigations followed – a federal grand jury, which indicted no one; a special investigator hired by city council, the former head of the Cincinnati FBI office; the U.S. Justice Department, sort of.

U.S. Sen. Paul Simon asked then-Attorney General Richard Thornburgh to look into the Cincinnati wiretap scandal. Federal judges, members of Congress and even the president of the United States had allegedly been wiretapped. Simon’s effort went nowhere. His press secretary told the Mount Washington Press that it took three months for the Attorney General to respond.

“The senator’s not pleased with the response,” Simon’s press secretary said. “It didn’t have the attorney general’s personal attention, and it said Justice (Department) was aware of the situation, but isn’t going to do anything.”

The city of Cincinnati settled a class-action lawsuit accusing it of illegal wiretapping, paying $85,000 to 17 defendants. It paid $12,000 to settle a second lawsuit by former staffers of The Independent Eye, an underground newspaper allegedly wiretapped and torched by Cincinnati Police officers in 1970.

Cincinnati Bell sued Leonard Gates and Robert Draise, accusing them of defamation. The two men had no attorneys and represented themselves at trial. Hamilton County Common Pleas Judge Fred Cartolano refused to let the jury hear testimony by former police officers who had admitted using Gates and Draise and Cincinnati Bell equipment. In a 4-2 vote, the jury ruled in the phone company’s favor, officially adjudging the two whistleblowers liars.

During one of the many hearings associated with the wiretap scandal, an FBI agent was asked what the agency would do if someone accused the phone company of placing illegal wiretaps. He testified the FBI would be powerless; it needed the phone company to check for a wiretap.

“It would go back to Bell,” the agent testified. “We would have no way of determining if there was any illegal wiretapping going on.”

The FBI agent was the person Gates had accused of opening the federal courthouse at night so he could wiretap federal judges.

One police sergeant offered no excuses for the illegal wiretapping. Asked why he didn’t bother with the legal niceties, such as getting a warrant, as required then by federal law, he said, “I didn’t deem it was necessary. We wanted the information, and went out and got it.”

At one point, covering the scandal for the Mount Washington Press, I received a phone call from a sergeant in the Cincinnati Police Department. He invited me to the station at Mount Airy Forest, where he proceeded to wiretap a fellow police officer’s phone call. I listened as the other officer talked to his wife.

“Say hello,” the sergeant told me.

I did. There was no response.

“Say it louder,” the sergeant said.

I did. No response.

“You can hear them, but they can’t hear you,” the sergeant said. “Any idiot can do a wiretap. You know that’s true because you just saw a policeman do it.”

Privacy is dead. Its corpse has long been moldering in the grave.

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  1. READING LIST
    annotated bibliography

    Aaronson, Trevor. The Terror Factory: Inside the FBI’s Manufactured War on Terrorism
    Ig Publishing Brooklyn New York 2013
    Exposes how the FBI has, under the guise of engaging in counterterrorism since 9/11, built a network of more than 15,000 informants whose primary purpose is to infiltrate Muslim communities to create and facilitate phony terrorist plots so that the Bureau can then claim it is winning the war on terror.

    Bari, Judi. TIMBER WARS. Monroe, Maine: Common Courage Press, 1994.
    The F.B.I. attempted to stop the political activity of Judi Bari and Daryl Cherney by exploding a
    bomb under their car. Daryl Cherney and Judi Bari filed a Civil lawsuit
    against the FBI and Oakland police. A jury awarded them $4.4 million
    dollars in 2003. see http://www.judibari.org

    Bowen Roger. INNOCENCE IS NOT ENOUGH: The Life and Death of Herbert Norman
    New York USA M.E. Sharpe Inc 1988
    Looks at FBI assassination of Herbert Norman, Canadian Ambassador to Egypt.

    Buitrago, Ann Mari. F.B.I. FILES. Grove Press, 1981.
    Covers the procedures for obtaining and interpreting your F.B.I. file.

    Burnham, David. ABOVE THE LAW. Scribner, 1996.
    Looks at secret deals and fixing of cases by the Justice Department for corporations.
    Burnham was the New York Times reporter who broke the story about New York City cop Serpico and Police corruption.
    He was the reporter on route to meet Karen Silkwood when she was found murdered. Read his other book A LAW UNTO ITSELF.
    It details how FBI agents collaborate with the IRS to target political activists.
    see his important website about the FBI
    here http://trac.syr.edu/

    Burnham, David A LAW UNTO ITSELF Vintage January 30, 1991 ISBN-10: 0679732837
    Exposes FBI agents using the IRS to cripple political activists.

    Buttino, Frank. A SPECIAL AGENT. William Morrow, 1993.
    Investigates F.B.I. attacks on gay FBI agents .
    This book is written by a FBI agent who is gay. It details how other FBI
    agents tormented him .

    Carson, Clayborne. MALCOLM X: THE F.B.I. FILE. Carroll & Graf, 1991.
    Looks at the evidence for the F.B.I. assassination of Malcolm X.

    Cashill,Jack, Sanders,James. FIRST STRIKE Thomas Nelson Press, 2003
    Overwhelming evidence presented by Dr. Cashill on the downing of TWA
    Flight 800 by a missle over Long Island and the ensuing cover-up by FBI
    agents.One of my favorite books. see their documentary about the same
    subject called SILENCED here http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=44uu4zWQEEs

    Charns, Alexander. CLOAK AND GAVEL. University of Illinois Press. 1992.
    After reviewing thousands of pages of FBI documents the attorney author
    exposes the FBI illegal phone tapping of the Supreme Court and how the
    FBI fix court cases and work behind the scenes to get “their man”
    appointed to the Supreme Court. Written by a lawyer active in Human
    Rights.

    Churchill, Ward. AGENTS OF REPRESSION. South End Press, 1988.
    Professor Churchill gives first hand accounts of F.B.I. death squad
    activities. This book is a classic and is a must read along with THE
    COINTELPRO PAPERS

    Churchill, Ward. THE COINTELPRO PAPERS. South End Press, 1990.
    Explores how the F.B.I. disrupts legitimate political activities and engage in Death Squad activities.

    Criley, Richard. THE F.B.I. VS. THE FIRST AMENDMENT. First Amendment Foundation, 1990.
    Looks at the destruction of the First Amendment by the F.B.I.

    Davis, John. MAFIA KINGFISH: CARLOS MARCELLO AND THE ASSASSINATION OF JOHN F.
    KENNEDY. McGraw-Hill, 1989.
    A must read book in understanding how the FBI has used the Mafia to carry out the assassination of President Kennedy.

    De Camp, John. THE FRANKLIN COVERUP. AWT Publishers, 1992.
    A former Republican state senator from Nebraska writes about a
    pedophile ring involved in the kidnaping, sexual torture and murder of
    children that went all the way to the Bush White House.
    Attorney DeCamp discusses the FBI role in the coverup of this case and
    the murder of a special prosecutor appointed to investigate the
    pedophile ring.This book will keep you awake at night and is an active
    barometer for evil indexing how the FBI crime family operates.

    Dempsey, James X. and David Cole. TERRORISM AND THE CONSTITUTION: SACRIFICING CIVIL
    LIBERTIES IN THE NAME OF NATIONAL SECURITY. Los Angeles, CA: First Amendment
    Foundation, 1999. Examines FBI campaign of terror to undermine civil
    liberties. Attorney Dempsey worked for Congressman Don Edwards who was
    a former FBI agent.

    Diamond, Sigmund. COMPROMISED CAMPUS. Oxford University Press, 1992.
    Professor Diamond attempts to get F.B.I. files showing collaboration
    between F.B.I. agents and professors at universities from 1945-1955.
    The FBI created the Patriot Act , in part, because of this book.

    Donner, Frank. PROTECTORS OF PRIVILEGE. University of California Press, 1990.
    Looks at the death squad collaboration between local police and F.B.I. agents to stifle the Bill of Rights.

    Dwyer, James. TWO SECONDS UNDER THE WORLD. Diane publishers 1997.
    The most important book you will read on understanding FBI agents Floyd
    and Anticev creating the 1993 terrorist act at the World Trade Center.
    This book lays out in detail how the FBI engineered
    the 1993 World Trade Center explosion.

    Edmonds, Sibel D Classified Woman-The Sibel Edmonds Story: A Memoir
    2012 Sibel D Edmonds publisher
    In this startling new memoir, former FBI agent/analyst Sibel Edmonds—the most classified woman in U.S. history—takes us on a surreal journey that begins with the secretive FBI and down the dark halls of a feckless Congress to a stonewalling judiciary and finally, to the national security whistleblowers movement she spearheaded.

    Emerson, Steven and Brian Duffy. THE FALL OF PAN AM 103. G.B. Putnam’s Sons, 1990.
    Oliver Revell was the number 2 man at the F.B.I. until he was demoted
    by F.B.I. Director William Sessions to the Dallas Field Office. His son
    Chris Revell had tickets for Pan Am 103, but he changed his flight two days before the plane
    exploded over Lockerbie, Scotland. See Ross Gelbspan’s book, BREAK-INS,
    DEATH THREATS AND THE FBI to get a fuller picture of Oliver Revell.

    Flannery, Greg . REACH OUT AND TAPE SOMEONE . In These Times Magazine
    March 1989 issue
    This article appeared in the March issue of the national publication IN THESE TIMES.
    It details the massive illegal FBI wiretap program
    placed on US Presidents, members of Congress, Judges, people of color, local politicians during the 1970’s thru the 1980’s. This was before the Patriot Act.
    More important it details how FBI agents working with local police were committing voter fraud and arson.
    see https://docs.google.com/viewer?url=http://64.62.200.70/PERIODICAL/PDF/InTheseTimes-1989mar22/12-14/

    Foerstel, Herbert. SURVEILLANCE IN THE STACKS. Greenwood Press, 1991.
    Looks at attempts by the F.B.I. to get librarians to spy on the American public .The FBI created the Library Clauses in the Patriot Act because of this book.

    Gallagher, Dorothy. ALL THE RIGHT ENEMIES. Penguin Books, 1988.
    The F.B.I. utilized the Mafia to carry out its executions against Presidents and political activists from 1930 through 2000.
    Carlos Tresca was one of their victims.

    Gelbspan, Ross. BREAK- INS, DEATH THREATS, AND THE F.B.I. South End Press, 1991.
    This Pulitzer Prize winning reporter formerly with the Boston Globe,
    details the F.B.I. death squad collaboration with the death squads in
    El Salvador and their attacks upon American groups opposed to those
    death squads.

    Glick, Brian. WAR AT HOME. South End Press, 1989.
    Attorney Glick details the F.B.I.’s covert war against political activists.

    Goulet, Donald Chesuncook Author House 2008
    Autobiography of a FBI agent plagued by mental illness.

    Hass, Jeffrey The Assassination of Fred Hampton: How the FBI and the Chicago Police Murdered a Black Panther Lawerence Hill Books 2010

    Hoffman, David. THE OKLAHOMA CITY BOMBING AND THE POLITICS OF TERROR. Feral
    House, 1998.
    Contains detailed evidence about the FBI alliance with the terrorist
    underworld, and how FBI agent provocateurs are behind many of the
    current bombings that have plagued the United States since the fall of
    the Berlin Wall. Some current thinking has FBI agents creating these
    acts to fill the void caused by the downfall of communism and replacing
    communism with the new boogeyman Islam.

    Holland, Max . Leak: Why Mark Felt Became Deep Throat
    Deep Throat FBI Supervisor Mark Felt, the number two guy in the FBI during Watergate, was leaking, not out of concern for public good but rather because he was angry he was not getting the top spot in the bureau
    University Press Kansas 2012

    Hougan, Jim. SPOOKS. William Morrow, 1978.
    Important book detailing the life of former F.B.I. agent Robert Maheux
    and his relationship with the Mafia. Groundbreaking book in
    understanding FBI collaboration with the Mafia, using it to carry out
    assassinations on President Kennedy, Martin Luther King and others.
    Maheux was the liason between the Mafia and the FBI when the FBI assassinated President Kennedy and Martin Luther King.

    Kaiser, Marty . Odyssey of an Eavesdropper( My Life in electronic
    countermeasures and my battle against the FBI) W Carroll & Graf 2005
    Author exposes wiretapping crimes committed by FBI agents as well as
    Business Fraud. He built the wiretapping devices for FBI agents that
    were later used in crimes committed against people like Martin Luther
    King and public officials.After exposing FBI agents kickback schemes to
    Congress the author became a target of retaliation by tax payer funded
    FBI agents. see http://www.martykaiser.com/odyssey2.htm

    Keith, Jim. OK BOMB. Illuminate, 1996.
    Explores FBI coverup in the Oklahoma City bombing investigation.

    Kelly, John F. TAINTING EVIDENCE. The Free Press 1998. The book is
    based on testimony of FBI lab Whistleblower Dr. Frederick Whitehurst ,
    an employee of the FBI for 17 years. Shows how bad the FBI Lab is run.
    Dr. Whitehurst was the chemist who analyzed Timothy McVeigh’s clothes
    for traces of ammonium nitrate and was removed from the case when he
    did not find any bomb residue.
    see
    http://www.whistleblowers.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=65&Itemid=108

    Lehr, Dick & O’Neill, Gerard. BLACK MASS. Public Affairs, 2000.
    Looks at the FBI’s collaboration in Boston with the Mafia and Irish Mob
    between 1960 and 2001 in which they collaborated in the murder of 21
    women,children and men. Important book showing how the FBI uses the
    Mafia to commit political and other assassinations .see
    http://www.thebrothersbulger.com/

    Lindauer, Susan Extreme Prejudice: The Terrifying Story of the Patriot Act and the Cover Ups of 9/11 and Iraq 2010 Susan Lindauer publisher
    More evidence showing the FBI, CIA and other government agencies created 911.
    What if the government decided to invent a great lie to justify a disastrous war and a questionable anti-terrorism policy? What would happen to the people who know the truth? EXTREME PREJUDICE delivers an explosive, high tension expose of the real facts surrounding the CIA’s advance warnings of 9/11 and an insider’s look at Pre-War Intelligence, told by one of the very few U.S. Assets covering Iraq before the War.

    McGhee , Millie WHAT’S DONE IN THE DARK Allen Morris 2005
    The author is a afro american relative of FBI Director J Edgar Hoover
    who is successful in presenting evidence that FBI Director Hoover is part African-American
    and related to her.
    The book details the research conducted by Ms McGhee and how FBI agents tried to stop her from writing the book. Photographs show reunion of white and black relatives united by the research in this book. FBI Director J Edgar Hoover was the descendant of Mississippi slaves.

    Melanson, Phillip. THE MURKIN CONSPIRACY. Praeger, 1989.
    Professor Melanson looks at the F.B.I.’s role in the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

    Melanson, Phillip. THE ROBERT KENNEDY ASSASSINATION. Shapolsky, 1991.
    Professor Melanson was in charge of the Robert Kennedy archives at the University of Massachusetts.
    He detailed the F.B.I.’s role as one of the principal architects in the assassination of Robert Kennedy.

    Messerschmidt, Jim. THE TRIAL OF LEONARD PELTIER. South End Press, 1983.
    Looks at the miscarriage of justice in the F.B.I.’s handling of the Leonard Peltier case.

    Milan, Michael .The Squad: The U.S. Government’s Secret Alliance With Organized Crime
    1989 Shapolsky, New York
    Michael Milan is a pseudonym for a person who claims to be a former hit man on a death squad of Mob killers organized by J. Edgar Hoover and run outside the FBI. While on the squad, Milan’s day job was selling automobiles on Long Island. His night job was to rub out undesirable for Hoover. He would get orders with his serial number in the upper right-hand corner of the page, and would then “foreclose the loan,” “deliver the package,” or “terminate the employment” of someone he had never met—all euphemisms for rubbing out a stranger. The book consists of a series of breathless tales of such adventures.

    Morrow, Robert First Hand Knowledge: How I Participated in the CIA-Mafia Murder of President Kennedy (New York: S.P.I. Books, 1992)

    Oklahoma City Bombing Investigative Committee. THE FINAL REPORT.2001.
    The book providing evidence of FBI involvement in the Oklahoma City
    Bombing .

    Navasky, Victor. INVESTIGATING THE F.B.I. Doubleday, 1973.
    Contains material presented at a major conference at Princeton University in 1971 investigating
    crimes committed by the FBI.

    Neff, James. MOBBED UP. Dell Publishers 1988.
    Important book in understanding FBI collaboration with the Mafia
    especially how the Bureau uses the Mafia to carry out its political
    assassinations.

    Nelson, Jack. THE F.B.I. AND THE BERRIGANS. Coward, McCann & Geoghegan, 1972.
    Looks at F.B.I. death squad directed against Nobel Peace Prize nominee Phil Berrigan and his
    brother, Jesuit priest Daniel Berrigan.

    Olsen, Jack. LAST MAN STANDING: THE TRAGEDY AND TRIUMPH OF GERONIMO PRATT.
    Doubleday, 2000.
    Provides supporting evidence for the idea of the F.B.I. as a death
    squad. Examines the F.B.I. acts of genocide against Afro-Americans .
    Looks at how FBI agents framed Geronimo Pratt, a Afro American Viet-nam
    vet who spent over 25 years in prison before a judge released him
    saying he was innocent and framed by FBI agents.
    Vermont filmaker has issued a 4 DVD collection of her films
    about the Black Panthers. She interviews retired FBI agent
    Wesley Swearingen who was part of the FBI Racial Squad in San Fransisco that put Pratt in prison see http://www.newsreel.us/

    O’Reilly, Kenneth. RACIAL MATTERS. Free Press, 1989.
    Professor O’Reilly looks at a file called Racial Matters that the F.B.I. is keeping on Black America.

    Parenti, Michael. DIRTY TRUTHS. City Lights Books, 1996.
    Dr. Parenti looks at the evidence for F.B.I. involvement in the
    assassination of labor leader Walter Reuther while he was organizing
    protests against the Vietnam War. It includes the essay “Why the Left
    is Afraid to look at the Assassination of JFK” .

    Pepper, William. ORDERS TO KILL. Carroll and Graf, 1995.
    Attorney Pepper represented James Earl Ray in his bid for a new trial
    and won a landmark case in civil court in December 1999 for the Martin
    Luther King Jr. family. The jury in the case concluded hat the F.B.I.
    was involved in the assassination of King. His book details our
    government’s involvement and provides photographic evidence of the
    F.B.I.’s role in this assassination.

    Pepper,William. ACT OF STATE: THE EXECUTION OF MARTIN LUTHER KING Verso Press, 2003
    The evidence from the 1999 Civil Trial in Memphis brought by the King
    family in which the jury concluded FBI agents were principal architects
    in the assassination of Martin Luther King. Written by the trial
    attorney William Pepper.

    Powers, Richard Gid. SECRECY AND POWER. Free Press, 1987.
    A biography of FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover and his quest for power.

    Powers, Tyrone. EYES TO MY SOUL. Majority Press, 1996.
    Professor Powers an afro-american, talks about his 9 years working as
    an F.B.I. agent, and the racism in the FBI . Powers discusses the FBI
    FRUHMENSCHEN program set up in the 1920’s thru 2010 to target black
    politicians in sting operations without cause because the FBI feels
    blacks are incpable of governing. White agents tried to kill him when
    he was writing this book by blowing up his FBI issued car with him in
    it..

    Ranalli, Ralph. DEADLY ALLIANCE. Harper Torch, 2001
    Boston Globe reporter Ralph Rannali exposes FBI collaboration with the
    Boston Mafia from 1930-2009 where they ran a Murder Inc. President Bush
    asserted Executive Privilege in 2002 preventing
    Congress from seeing the Federal Prosecutor’s Investigative files on this case.

    Robbins, Natalie. ALIEN INK. William Morrow, 1992.
    Ms. Robbins acquired the F.B.I. files on the major writers and artists of the 20th century, and examines F.B.I. agents neutralizing them and their freedom of expression.

    Rosenfeld, Seth, The FBI’s War on Student Radicals, and Reagan’s Rise to (Farrar, Straus and Giroux, Hardcover August 21, 2012

    Schultz, Bud and Ruth. IT DID HAPPEN HERE. University of California Press, 1989.
    Contains interviews with human rights activists who survived F.B.I. assassination attempts.

    Schultz, Bud and Ruth. THE PRICE OF DISSENT. University of California Press , 2001
    The sequel to IT DID HAPPEN HERE with more interviews with civil rights activists , union organizers and anti-war protestors who survived FBI assassination attempts and with family members of people who were murdered.

    Seymour, Sheri. COMMITTEE OF THE STATES. Self-published, 1989.
    The F.B.I. infiltrated the California Militia 10 years before the Oklahoma City bombing. The book illustrates how easy it was for the F.B.I. to infiltrate the group and get it to make bombs.
    Shows how easy it was for FBI agent provocteur to get Timothy McVeigh to make bomb and drive the truck. The exact same scenario
    occured in the 1993 World Trade Center bombing. google floyd
    anticev salem

    Sharkey, Joe. ABOVE SUSPICION. Simon & Schuster, 1993.
    Looks at the F.B.I. coverup involving one of its own agents Mark Putnam, who murdered his informant after he got her pregnant.
    FBI agent Putnam was eventually sentenced to prison for their murder thanks to the dogged work of the Kentucky State Police.
    click link and scroll down to obituary of his wife. http://betrayedbylovemovie.blogspot.com/

    Sherill, Robert First Amendment Felon Nation Books, 10/2005
    The Story of Frank Wilkinson, His 132,000 Page FBI File and His Epic Fight for Civil Rights and Liberties

    Stitch, Rodney Crimes of the FBI-Doj, Mafia, and Al Qaeda
    Silverspeak 2007 Free E-Book
    see http://books.google.com/books?id=8jH_ypCfwSAC&pg=PA434&lpg=PA434&dq=devecchio+fbi+gifts+mafia&source=bl&ots=CmHjpXD3kz&sig=p426uCGOrbA50uF3gZQd_KtDswU&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Hk2mUeHkHKfO0wHbp4Aw&ved=0CEMQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=devecchio%20fbi%20gifts%20mafia&f=false

    Suarez, Manuel. REQUIEM ON CERRO MARAVILLA. Waterfront Press, 1987.
    Looks at F.B.I. collaboration with local police in the arrest, handcuffing, and death squad execution of two teenagers in Puerto Rico.

    Summers, Anthony. OFFICIAL AND CONFIDENTIAL. G.B. Putnam and Sons, 1993.
    This is the book on which the PBS Frontline documentary on J. Edgar Hoover and his friendship with the Mafia is based. In my eyes, this PBS program was the turning point in the good fortune the FBI has enjoyed for over 80 years.

    Swearingen, Wesley. F.B.I. Secrets: An Agents Expose South End Press 1994
    Swearingen is a retired FBI agent currently living in the San Diego area who was a member
    of the FBI San Fransisco Office racial Squad.
    The FBI has Racial Squads in every major American City. The function of the FBI Racial Squad is to assassinate or neutralize
    black politicians and black activists who do not reflect the philosophy of American Corporations. Vermont filmaker Roz Payne has
    interviewed Swearingen and he is on her recently released 4 DVD about the Black Panthers see http://www.newsreel.us/

    Swearingen,Wesley, To Kill a President: Finally – an Ex-FBI Agent Rips Aside the Veil of Secrecy that Killed JFK 2006
    According to Swearingen, Lee Harvey Oswald did not act alone in assassinating Kennedy as was claimed by the FBI, the Warren Commission and other investigating bodies. Instead, he argues that rogue CIA agents acting in concert with the mafia and certain Cuban exiles plotted to kill Kennedy. Swearingen contends that the conspiracy was covered up by the FBI, an effort that continues to this day through the agency’s unwillingness to disclose key details about the events surrounding Kennedy’s death. see http://www.lewrockwell.com/pr/new-book-fbi-cia-jfk-killing.html

    Theoharis, Athan. THE F.B.I. Garland Publishers, 1994.
    Professor Theoharis has compiled a comprehensive listing of books and articles about the F.B.I. up to 1994.

    Thomas, Kenn. THE OCTOPUS. Feral House, 1996.
    Investigates the F.B.I.’s role in the killing of investigative reporter Danny Casolero while he was investigating the October Surprise.

    Turner, William. THE ASSASSINATION OF ROBERT KENNEDY. Thunder Mouth Press, 1993.
    Written by a former F.B.I. agent, it looks at the F.B.I.’s involvement in the assassination of Robert Kennedy.

    Turner, William. REARVIEW MIRROR foreword by Oliver Stone. Penmarin Books CA 2001.
    More updated information on FBI involvement in President Kennedy, Robert Kennedy and Martin Luther King Assassination written by a former FBI agent.

    U.S. Commission on Civil Rights. WHO IS GUARDING THE GUARDIANS? A Report on Police
    Death Squad activities. 1981.

    Williams, Dennis O. Fidelity Bravery Integrity No Way! Dorrance Publishing Company 2009

    In 1979 FBI Supervisory Special Agent Dennis O. Williams moved across the country when he was promoted from the FBI’s Los Angeles Division to a supervisory position at FBI Headquarters. Soon after his arrival, Williams discovered that the mover had defrauded the FBI by billing for a higher weight of his household goods than actually existed. As Williams pursued the matter, he discovered a cover-up at FBI HQ; his attempts to expose this conspiracy resulted in his receiving threats and becoming the subject of retaliation. Though an investigation by the FBI Washington Field Office demonstrated that Williams was correct in his suspicions, the cover-ups continued for decades, eventually leading to a conspiracy to deceive the Senate Judiciary Committee regarding an inquiry into the involvement of Thomas J. Pickard.

    Pickard was the acting director of the FBI when 9/11 occurred, despite Williams’ repeated warnings to the White House that Pickard did not have the integrity for such a position. The 9/11 Commission report reflects that the Phoenix Division of the FBI produced a memorandum dated July 10, 2001, advising FBI HQ that an inordinate number of supporters of Osama Bin Laden had attended civil aviation universities and colleges and would be in a position to conduct terror activity against civil aviation targets. Williams believes that Pickard’s testimony that no managers at FBI headquarters saw the Phoenix memo before September 11 constitutes a red flag indicating a conspiracy to defraud the 9/11 Commission.

    Williams , Kristian
    Our Enemies in Blue Police and Power in America (Revised Edition)
    South End Press 2007

    Wiener, Jon. GIMME SOME TRUTH. University of California Press, 1999.
    Professor Wiener looks at the 14 year battle with the F.B.I. to get them to release their files on John Lennon.How many rock stars
    has the FBI assassinated?

    Wise, David TIGER TRAP America’s Secret Spy War With China
    Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.2011
    Looks at how FBI agents were manipulated by Chinese spies after FBI agents started having sex with their Chinese informants

    SUGGESTED WEB SITES AND VIDEOS


    FBI FRUHMENSCHEN program
    http://www.larouchepub.com/eiw/public/2010/2010_30-39/2010-33/2010-33/pdf/33-35_3733.pdf
    FBI agents Blackmailing the President and Congress

    FBI agents ignore evidence in JFK assassination
    http://jfk.hood.edu/Collection/Weisberg%20Subject%20Index%20Files/F%20Disk/FBI/FBI%20Murtagh%20Arthur%20SA/Item%2006.pdf
    http://www.madcowprod.com/
    http://www.moldea.com/
    http://www.fromthewilderness.com/
    http://www.mikeruppert.blogspot.com/
    http://www.whowhatwhy.com/files/SIRHAN%20FINAL%20RESPONSE.pdf
    http://www.narconews.com
    http://www.trutv.com/conspiracy/assassinations/rfk/lapd-cia-lapdog.html
    http://911pressfortruth.net/
    https://docs.google.com/viewer?url=http://64.62.200.70/PERIODICAL/PDF/InTheseTimes-1989mar22/12-14/
    http://www.ae911truth.org/
    http://jfk.hood.edu/Collection/Weisberg%20Subject%20Index%20Files/F%20Disk/Files%20Retrieval%20From/Item%2001.pdf
    http://www.whistleblowers.org
    http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F60716FA3D59157493C3A8178CD85F428785F9
    http://crdl.usg.edu/collections/holloman/?Welcome
    http://www.zpub.com/notes/fbi-shame.html
    http://www.google.com/search?q=fbi%20coverup.com&hl=en&tbm=vid
    http://www.austinchronicle.com/news/2013-06-07/the-facts-were-immaterial/
    VIDEOS:

    CONSPIRACY OF SILENCE: The Franklin Cover Up
    http://topdocumentaryfilms.com/the-franklin-cover-up/

    Conspiracy of Silence: The Franklin Cover UpConspiracy of Silence, a documentary listed for viewing in TV Guide Magazine was to be aired on the Discovery Channel, on May 3 1994. This documentary exposed a network of religious leaders and Washington politicians who flew children to Washington D.C. for sex orgies. Many children suffered the indignity of wearing nothing but their underwear and a number displayed on a piece of cardboard hanging from their necks when being auctioned off to foreigners in Las Vegas, Nevada, and Toronto, Canada.

    MALTESE DOUBLE CROSS
    Incontrovertible evidence showing FBI coverup of LOCKERBIE TWA Flight 800
    explosion coverup.

    WACO:RULES OF ENGAGEMENT
    One of the best documentaries ever made, period.

    A NOBLE LIE 2012 Convicts the FBI of creating the
    Oklahoma City bombing
    http://anoblelie.com/

    SILENCED Jack Cashill
    Convicts the FBI of the coverup of TWA downing over Long Island by a missile
    http://topdocumentaryfilms.com/silenced/

    also see
    http://www.cashill.com/twa800/silenced_1of5.htm

    THE GREAT DECEPTION Barry Zwicker
    Convicts the US Government of creating 911
    In 6 parts see all six

    TRUTH&LIES 911 Mike Ruppert
    best evidence linking US Government to creating 911
    http://www.youtuberepeater.com/watch?v=vQR2z4YCzDw&name=911+Mike+Ruppert+The+Truth+And+Lies+Of+911+Full+length

    AFTERMATH:UNANSWEREDQUESTIONS

    then watch

    FBI LIED in their JFK Assassination Reports

    WHAT WE WANT WHAT WE BELIEVE a 4 DVD set about the Black Panthers
    with an interview with FBI agent
    Wesley Swearingen discussing the FBI Racial Squad and
    their policy to assassinate black leaders
    http://www.newsreel.us/DVD/information.htm

    911 PRESS FOR TRUTH details the evidence for the FBI creating 911

    also see 2012 film INFORMANT
    http://documentarychannel.com/35851700456/

  2. Good story. Happy 25th anniversary of the report this August, as I recall.

    Controversy over the Patriot Act of 2001 was misplaced, with critics imagining that the act enabled wiretapping. Technology enables wiretapping; the Patriot Act provided only a legal pathway and some notification. When the means and the motive obtain and the safeguards do not, the act will occur. The telecoms have the means, and the motives are legion. What are the safeguards? If you imagine a prohibition is a safeguard, you are a fool.

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